Substance abuse is the continual and excessive use of alcohol, illegal drugs or prescribed medications, which can lead users to form a physical dependency on the substance. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, substance abuse is considered a brain disease because it alters the how the brain functions. These changes have long-lasting and far-reaching effects.
Common Substances Abused in Peekskill, NY
According to the Westchester County government website, many people in Peekskill, NY and the surrounding areas are affected by substance abuse. An estimated 80,000 people are in need of substance abuse and alcohol abuse treatment programs.
In 2015, “Lohud” journal news reported that the Westchester County Northern Narcotics Initiative arrested 125 alleged heroin dealers in 2014. Some of these drug dealers were also arrested for marijuana.
While heroin overdoses in Westchester County decreased in 2014 when compared with 2013, an estimated 20 people died due to drug overdose.
Addiction to Molly
Molly is a nickname for the drug MDMA, which is the active ingredient in ecstasy. Considered a “party drug,” it stimulates the central nervous system, causing a person to experience a high. Additional short-term effects include a fast heart rate, high blood pressure and sweating. Some people experience damaging health effects due to taking the drug, including panic attacks, psychosis, seizures, depression and even death.
Molly is considered especially dangerous because drug dealers often add other toxic chemical substances. When withdrawing from the drug, people often experience severe bouts of depression.
Like Molly, cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant. The drug is often snorted, and can cause a person to experience a euphoria or high that lasts anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes. Cocaine abusers often continue to take the drug in larger and larger doses, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Cocaine can cause long-term changes in a person’s brain that cause them to become addicted or dependent on it. Short-term effects associated with cocaine use include constricted blood vessels, increased heart rate, headaches, abdominal pain and nausea. Withdrawing from cocaine can cause hallucinations and paranoid psychosis. Cocaine has been known to cause heart attacks and strokes. Some drug users will combine cocaine and heroin in what is known as a “speedball.” This combination increases the risks for fatal overdose.
Heroin is a highly addictive substance that produces a state of euphoria. However, these symptoms are short-lived and give way to shortness of breath, dry mouth, disorientation, drooping appearances and small pupils. Long-term heroin use can lead to heart problems, chronic pneumonia, liver disease, seizures and blood clots. Because heroin is injected intravenously, the risk for HIV and hepatitis increases. Withdrawal from heroin can cause intense cravings, profuse sweating, nausea, vomiting, crying, cold sweats, runny nose, diarrhea and fever.
Opiates are medicines or narcotics that include hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone and oxymorphone. Symptoms of opiate abuse include agitation, anxiety, muscle aches, insomnia and runny nose. Opiate dependency can cause a fatal overdose because opiates depress the respiratory system, which can make a person to stop breathing. Withdrawal symptoms from opiates include abdominal cramping, muscles aches, cold sweats and irritability.
More than 4.2 million Americans use marijuana, and it is considered highly addictive, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Physical symptoms of marijuana include irritability, changes in mood, difficulty sleeping, reduced appetite, cravings and restlessness.
Continued marijuana abuse includes distorted perceptions, impaired coordination and difficulty thinking. Those who are addicted to marijuana also experience irritability, sleeplessness, anxiety, decreased appetite and drug cravings.
The health risks associated with individual drug abuse can endanger a person’s health and life, as well as the lives of those around them. Seeking professional treatment through an inpatient rehabilitation facility, outpatient programs or through counseling is vital to ending a cycle of abuse.
Call Drug Treatment Centers Peekskill today at 914-293-2718 to speak to an addiction specialist and find out what program works best for you.